Ville de Laval

    Animals Bylaw

    The philosophy behind Laval's animal management aims, above all, to ensure the safety of residents and the accountability of pet owners, in harmony with animal well-being. With the collaboration of an advisory committee whose members include experts in the animal field, Laval has drawn its inspiration from the best practices compiled, for setting up its new City bylaw on animals (L-12430), in force since April 1, 2017.

    Types of animals allowed

    • ​Dogs
    • Cats
    • Chinchillas
    • Domestic guinea pigs
    • Ferrets
    • Gerbils/jerboas
    • Hamsters
    • Hedgehogs*
    • Rabbits
    • Flying phalangers
    • Kangaroo rats
    • Amphibians
    • Birds
    • Fish*
    • Reptiles*
    *Some exceptions apply. 
    Complete list of species ​admitted in Laval, (in French only - 176 Ko​)

    Number of pets allowed

    In Laval, the number of pets allowed is no more than four (maximum two dogs). A special permit may, however, be granted to increase the number of animals allowed to a maximum of eight (including no more than four dogs). ​​

    Obligations of pet owners

    Being a pet​ owner involves not only giving this pet loving care and attention, but also certain essential responsibilities:

    Mandatory ID tags for dogs and cats

    Dogs and cats wearing their ID tags make it possible, among other things, to find the owner of a pet that is lost as well as identify the dog and cat population on Laval territory, thereby making animal management easier. While dog owners are already in the habit of doing so, cat owners, too, must now get an ID tag for their pets.

    For cats, permits will cost $7 in 2018 and will be at their full rate of $15 in 2019. For dogs, the cost of a permit is $27. Pet owners may purchase an ID tag at the Multiservice Counter, located at 1333 boulevard Chomedey. The permit remains valid for one year, starting from the date it is issued.

    More information about ID tags >

    Mandatory sterilization - In force since January 1, 2018

    Sterilization offers more advantages than disadvantages for an animal, not only for its health, but also for its behaviour. Sterilization also helps slow down the problem of overpopulation of unwanted animals and reduce the number of cases of euthanasia. All dogs or cats over 6 months old and kept on Laval territory whave to be sterilized. Exceptions may apply, with written proof from a veterinarian.

    More information about sterilization >​

    Mandatory microchipping - In force starting January 1, 2019

    A microchip is a form of permanent identification for an animal's entire life. In particular, it may be put to good use in resolving disputes over the ownership of an animal, avoid the costs of staying in an animal centre and reduce the number of needless cases of euthanasia. All animals kept on Laval territory will therefore have to be microchipped. In order to help residents comply with this requirement, the City will be organizing affordable microchipping clinics during the year.

    In applicable situations, proof will be required to ensure that your animal complies with all articles of Bylaw L-12430. Your veterinary bills, in particular, may serve as proof in this regard, so hold onto them!​

    Other obligations of pet owners


    ​​​Animal well-being ​In view of the fact that an animal is a sentient being with biological needs, it is the responsibility of its owner to ensure his well-being. 
    Control​
    ​A dog owner must keep control over its pet at all times even in dog runs so that it doesn't run away.
    Dog droppings​Dog owners must pick up their animal's droppings and dispose of them hygienically.
    Guard​A dog must be restrained by means of a device preventing it from leaving its premises, when such grounds are not safely fenced in.
    ​Leash​A dog must be constantly kept on a leash, no longer than 1.85 metres, in all public places, except at dog runs.
    ​Notification​A dog owner whose pet has done something that may be detrimental to the safety of a person or another animal (bites, attack, etc.) must immediately notify 911 so that an investigation process can be initiated. This procedure may result in a range of measures being taken, and even euthanasia of the animal concerned.
    ​Parks​A dog owner is allowed to be outside with a maximum of two dogs in a parking lot, along pedestrian walkways or on grassy areas of a park.
    Premises​Dogs are not allowed on sports grounds, playgrounds, schoolyards and daycare yards, places where signs prohibit their presence, any place where food and drink are served nor any place where food is sold, unless that place allows dogs to be there. This rule does not apply to service dogs. 
    Responsability​Pet owners are responsible for controlling and keeping watch over their pets. They must make sure their pets cause no damage; moreover, pet owners are responsible for any violations of the Bylaw on the part of their pets.​

    Violations and fines

    The severity of fines is scaled according to the seriousness of the violation committed by the dog owner. Fines may range from $50 to $1,000 for an individual and from $100 to $2,000 for a legal entity.
     
    In the case of a repeat offence, the amount of the minimum fine is doubled and therefore, the maximum amount is $2,000 for an individual and $4,000 for a legal entity.

    Visit to the premises and identification

    Anyone in charge of enforcing the bylaw on animals is authorized to visit and inspect—at any reasonable hour of the day—any unit of occupancy or any grounds whatsoever to ensure compliance with the bylaw. If there are reasons to believe that a person has committed an offence, that person must identify himself/herself and show proof.
     
    The person in authority may also enter any place or vehicle where an animal is or may seize any animal whose safety or well-being is at risk.

    Why could you be given a fine?

    Offense​Details​Minimum fine
    ​​Barking and meowing​A dog or cat may not moan or groan, bark, howl or meow in such a way as to disturb the peace or quiet of one or more people.​$300 
    ​Stray animals​A resident may not feed stray domestic animals if they cause inconveniences to others.​$300
    Fights and attacks​It is strictly prohibited to organize, participate in, encourage or be present at any dog fights or to let one's pet take part in such activities; moreover, a dog may not be trained to attack. $1,000 
    Damage​An animal may not cause any damage to others' property.​$300
    Odours​An owner may not keep any domestic animals whose odour may bother the neighbourhood.​$300 
    Garbage​An animal may not rummage through household waste, relocate it, tear bags or overturn containers.​$50 
    ​Private property​A pet may not go onto any private property without the consent of the owner, tenant or occupant of the premises.​$50 ​​

    FOR MORE INFORMATION

    ​​​​​​​Multiservice Counter​
    1333, boulevard Chomedey
    First floor 
    Case postale 422
    Succursale Saint-Martin
    Laval (Québec)  H7V 3Z4

    311 

    From outside Laval
    ​450 978-8000

    YOU DO NOT NEED A PERMIT TO…

    • Install a swing
    • Build a sand box
    • Install an air conditioner
    • Paint your driveway