With the collaboration of an advisory committee made up in part of animal experts, Laval has drawn on best practices to establish its municipal by-law concerning animal control:
L-12430 (PDF in French, 469 kB).
Your Pets and COVID-19
The present situation may cause many concerns about pets' safety. Ville de Laval would therefore like to pass on the following information, obtained by animal health experts:
Risks for animals and humans
Although very rare infections in pets have recently been reported around the world,
there is still no evidence that pets can transmit the virus to humans. However, as the situation may change, it is important to take precautions.
Recommendations for cats:
- As a precautionary measure and in order to comply with the same rules of social distancing as their owners, cats
must not have free access to the outdoors
- As a precautionary measure and in order to comply with the same rules of social distancing as their owners, cats must not have free access to the outdoors
- For colonies of stray cats cared for by residents,
see the Stray Cats page for recommendations
Recommendations for dogs:
- There is no objection to walking your dog on a leash. However, as a precautionary measure and in order to obey the same rules of social distancing that apply to humans, avoid contact with other dogs and pick up your pet's droppings without delay.
- Since animal fur can be a vector for transmission of the virus, avoid petting an animal that isn't yours
- Take note that the City has decided to close the dog parks and dog exercise areas for an indefinite period of time. For more information about these parks, see the Dog parks and dog exercise areas page.
For more information on the recommendations of animal health experts related to the COVID-19 pandemic, refer to the website of the Ordre des médecins vétérinaires du Québec.
For more information on the actions taken by the City in relation to the present situation, refer to the City's website page entirely devoted to COVID-19.
Found or lost animals
If you find a pet with a municipal ID tag, please contact 311 so that its owner can be contacted. If the pet does not have an ID tag, you may be able to identify it through its microchip. To find out if the animal has a microchip, please bring it to
Le Berger blanc, the organization responsible for animal services in Laval. When Le Berger Blanc receives a lost animal, it posts the animal’s photo on its website in an effort to find the owner. If the owner cannot be found, the animal is put up for adoption.
If you find a
dead animal within Laval city limits, please contact Le Berger Blanc at
Pet owners who lose an animal are invited to visit
Le Berger blanc’s website to find out if it is there. If it is not, it is possible that a resident took in the animal. In this case, the pet owner can post a photo of the animal in a public space where doing so is permitted, making sure to include his or her contact information.
Dogs in public spaces
Control||Dog owners must be in control of their animals at all times to prevent them from escaping, including in dog parks.|
Leash||When in public spaces, a dog must be kept on a leash at all times, except in dog parks. The leash must be no longer than
Prohibited areas||Dogs are prohibited at sports facilities, playgrounds, schoolyards and daycare centres, places where signage prohibits their presence, and any place where food and beverages are served or sold, except where authorized. This prohibition does not apply to service dogs.|
|Excrement||Dogs owners must pick up their dog’s excrement and dispose of it in a hygienic manner.|
|Parks||Dog owners can keep no more than two dogs on a leash in parking lots or pedestrian walkways, or on grassy areas in parks. If you wish to let your pet run free, please go to one of Laval’s six dog parks.
To learn more >|
Permitted and prohibited animal species in Laval
*Exceptions may apply in agricultural zones.
Number of animals allowed
No more than 4 animals are permitted in Laval, including a maximum of 2 dogs. However, a special permit may be issued to keep a maximum of 8 animals, including 4 dogs.
Obligations of dog owners
In addition to giving their pets the love and care they need, dog owners have a duty to fulfil certain essential responsibilities.
Animal welfare||Considering that an animal is endowed with sensitivity and biological needs, it is the responsibility of its owner to ensure the pet’s welfare.
To learn more >|
Annual permit and tag for dogs and cats||In Laval, all cat and dog owners are required to obtain a permit and ensure that their pets wear tags. To learn more >|
|Mandatory sterilization for|
dogs and cats
|Sterilization offers numerous benefits to the animal, both in terms of its health and behaviour. It also helps curb the overpopulation of undesired animals and reduce the number of animals that are euthanized. Thus, since January 1, 2019, any dog or cat that is over six months of age and kept within Laval city limits must be sterilized. Exceptions may apply, with written proof from a veterinarian.
To learn more >
Reporting an attack or a biting incident||The owner of a dog that commits an act that could compromise the safety of a person or another animal (biting, attacking, etc.) must immediately report the act by calling 911 so that an inquiry can be initiated. This process can lead to the implementation of various measures, up to and including euthanasia.|
Keeping a dog on a property||Un chien doit être tenu au moyen d'un dispositif l'empêchant de sortir du terrain sur lequel il se trouve lorsque ce terrain n'est pas clôturé de manière sécuritaire.|
Responsibility of the owner||Adequate measures must be taken to ensure that a dog is kept on a property and prevented from leaving it when the property is not safely fenced off.
Microchipping||The microchip is a means of permanently identifying a pet for its entire lifespan. Specifically, it can resolve legal disputes concerning the ownership of an animal, save owners the cost of keeping a pet in an animal centre, and reduce the number of needless euthanasia procedures. Thus, effective January 1, 2020, all dogs or cats kept within Laval city limits must have a microchip. To learn more >|
Compliance with regulations, infractions
The following situations constitute a nuisance and therefore are deemed to be an infraction of the municipal by-law.
|Barking and meowing||A dog or a cat must not moan, bark, howl or meow in such a way as to disturb the peace. ||$300|
|Stray animals||Residents must not feed stray domestic animals if the animals cause an inconvenience to others.||$300|
|Fights and attacks||It is strictly prohibited to organize, participate in, encourage or attend a dog fight, or allow a pet to take part in one. In addition, a dog must not be trained to attack.||$1,000|
Damage||An animal cannot cause damage to another person’s property.||$300|
Odours||A pet owner cannot keep animals whose presence causes odours likely to pose an inconvenience to neighbours.||$300|
Waste||A pet cannot be permitted to search through household waste, move it, rip open bags, or knock over waste containers.||$50|
|Private property||An animal is not allowed onto private property without the consent of the property owner, tenant or occupant.||$50|
Infractions and fines
A scale has been established for fines, based on the severity of the infraction committed by the pet owner. Fines can range from
$50 to $1,000 for individuals, and from
$100 to $2,000 for corporations.
In the event of a repeat infraction, the minimum fine is doubled. The maximum fine is
$2,000 for an individual, and
$4,000 for a corporation.
Visit to the premises and identification
Any person responsible for applying the animal control by-law is authorized to visit a dwelling unit or property, at any reasonable time, for purposes of an inspection aimed at ensuring compliance with the by-law. If there are grounds to believe that a person has committed an infraction, that person must identify themselves with supporting evidence. The person of authority can also enter any premises or vehicle housing an animal or seize any animal whose safety or welfare is compromised.