Ville de Laval

    Organic waste

    Ville de Laval wants to cut down on the volume of landfill waste more and more, every year, by diverting green waste and food scraps from waste disposal (landfill) sites in order to convert them into compost. The advantages of doing so include reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which substantially contribute to climate change.​


    ​On this page

    ​​
    > Expanded collection
    > Compostable materials collection schedule
    > Tips and tricks
    > Positioning the wheeled bin at the curb
    > What is accepted and what is not
    > Frequently asked questions

    Expanded collection - Objective for 2019

    At least one neighborhood per electoral district has benefited from the organic collection service since 2017, and all buildings with 7 or fewer units will benefit by 2019. The sectors served are chosen fairly to optimize collection routes. 

    In 2018, the organic waste collection will be extended to 46,000 new households throughout the territory of Laval. Between now and then, the City will be communicating with the homeowners at the addresses concerned in order to inform them about when this new service will begin. The following items will be distributed at the time of implementation of this service:

    • a kit consisting of a mini-bin
    • a wheeled brown bin
    • information sheets

    To find out when your neighborhood will be served, consult the map:

     Laval organic waste collection pl​​​anning map (in French, 2 Mo)

    While waiting for the collection to begin

    No organic waste collections are carried out at your home yet, but you still want to do your part? The City congratulates you and encourages you to buy a home composter to install in your garden until the collection begins in your neighbourhood. You can take advantage of a $50 rebate.​

    Moreover, instead of collecting your dry leaves and grass clippings to place them in bags, shred them and leave them on the ground. In decomposing, they are excellent natural fertilizer.

    Compostable Materials Collection Schedule

    During winter time, the bin contents are picked up every second week.​

    On holidays, the organic waste collection schedule will be carried out on the regularly scheduled day, without any change of date, except December 25th and January 1st, when collections are carried over to the following day.

    Schedule 2018​, (in French, 128 ko)​​​​

    Tips and tricks

    In your home

    1. Put your mini-bin in an easy-to-reach place in your kitchen.
    2. If need be, line the bottom of your mini-bin with some newspaper or a paper bag to absorb any liquids.
    3. Drain and accumulate your food scraps in your mini-bin by placing dry materials inside (newspaper, soiled cardboard, hand towels).
    4. When your mini-bin is full, transfer its contents to your wheeled brown bin.

    Protect your mini-bin

    Rather than shell out for paper bags, create a newspaper liner for your mini-bin in a few folds.

    The 5 steps to make a free liner for the mini-bin, (in French, 102 Ko)

    Lawn and garden waste

    Place green waste from your lawn and garden directly inside your wheeled brown bin. Excess green waste may be placed in cardboard boxes or paper bags next to your brown bin, on the day of the collection.​

    In summer

    During the hot weather season, keep your wheeled brown bin in a shaded area, if possible. Keep meat leftovers in the freezer and place them in your bin only just before the collection.

    Odours

    In the brown bin, alternate layers of moist waste (food scraps) with dry waste (cardboards, newspapers, dry leaves, etc.). Place your bin by the curb every week, even if it is not full. Sprinkle baking soda or lime on the contents of your bin to neutralize the odours.

    Keep your bin clean

    From time to time, rinse out your brown bin, using some mild soap or vinegar mixed into a bit of water. Place your newspaper sheets at the bottom of your bin so that they absorb the liquids and prevent the waste materials from sticking to the sides of the bin.

    Newspaper The Game Plan, 428 ko​​

    Video clips (in French only)


    Positioning your wheeled bin by the curb

    Here are a few simple rules to follow:

    • The bin must be placed in your driveway, set back from the street curb or sidewalk—but no more than 30 cm (12 inches), so as not to interfere with traffic or public road maintenance.
    • Turn the wheels of your bin toward your home.
    • Keep 1 metre (3 feet) of space clear around the bin to make it easier for the mechanically-operated collection to be carried out. Keep it far away from the car shelter, the garbage can, the low wall, etc.
    • Place the bin by the curb before 7 a.m. on the morning of the collection or after 7 p.m. the day before.

    What is Accepted and What is Not

    Type of organic waste Accepted Not accepted
    Edible
    • Fruits and vegetables, whole or scraps
    • Coffee beans and tea bags
    • Bread, rice, cereals
    • Meat, fish, seafood, poultry, bones and seafood shells
    • Solid dairy products: cheese, butter, etc.
    • Liquid food waste
    Plant
    • Grass, dry leaves and garden soil, but don't fill the bin more than halfway
    • Pine cones and needles
    • Flowers, plants, weeds and garden waste
    • Hay and straw
    • Bark, woodchips, sawdust and roots
    • Branches (max 1.2 m and 25 kg per section of branches)
    • Tree trunks
    • Branches more than 1.2 metres long or 5 cm in diameter
    • Logs
    Other
    • Coffee filters
    • Pet litter
    • Food-soiled paper: pizza boxes, cardboard dinnerware, etc.
    • Paper towels, facial tissue
    • Cold ashes (extinguished at least 7 days ago)
    • Toothpicks and wooden stir sticks
    • Hair and animal fur
    • *Only paper bags are accepted in the collection.
    • Glass
    • Metal
    • Plastic
    • Diapers and sanitary napkins
    • Hazardous household waste: oils, paints, etc.
    • Hot ashes and cigarette butts
    • Construction materials
    • Oxo-biodegradable, biodegradable and compostable plastic bags (corn bags, for example)*
    • Paper towels soiled with cleaning products
    • Candles
    • Contents of vacuum bags​

    Frequently asked questions

    Why is there no organic waste collection at my home, like my neighbour has?
    There are plans to extend the organic waste collection to all dwellings with 7 housing units or less by the year 2019. The Laval territory has been divided into zones based on natural axes (for instance, a boulevard, servitude, etc.). So it can happen that one resident has this service in 2016, while his neighbour on the other side of the boulevard has to wait a few years more.

    How were the zones benefiting from this service prioritized?
    By 2017, the organic waste collection will be carried out in at least one sector (does not refer to a former city) in each electoral district.

    Where does the collected organic waste go?
    The collected organic waste is transported to Mironor's facilities in the Laurentians, where it is converted into compost.

    What are the advantages of collecting organic waste?

    • Reducing the volume of organic materials sent to the waste disposal (landfill) sites. This waste produces greenhouse gases, which greatly contribute toward climate change.
    • Obtaining compost, a natural fertilizer that helps enrich the soil, thereby putting organic waste to good use
    • Meeting government requirements, which call for the implementation of an organic waste collection at all buildings with 7 housing units or less by 2020

    Am I obliged to take part in the organic waste collection?
    Ville de Laval strongly encourages you to take part in the organic waste collection.

    What can I do while waiting to receive my bin?
    While waiting for this collection to begin, you can adopt good habits in handling your organic waste:

    • Opt for grasscycling: When you mow your lawn, leave the grass clippings on the ground. In this way, you will be able to avoid disposing of this waste in the garbage and your lawn will be better hydrated, fertilized and protected against nuisances (white grubs, for example).
    • Opt for leafcycling: Once the leaves have fallen from the trees, shred them and spread them on the ground. Dry leaf compost is an excellent natural fertilizer.
    • Opt for home composting: Ville de Laval offers a $50 rebate on the purchase of a home composter (maximum 2 per property). In this way, you will be able to compost your fruit and vegetable scraps as well as your green waste, while reaping all the benefits of compost.

    Once you receive your brown bin, you will be able to collect the excess grass and leaves and then place them in a paper bag or cardboard box, next to your bin, on the day of the collection.

    Is there an organic waste collection for companies, too?
    There are no plans yet for providing this service to companies. They must therefore call upon a private service.

    Can a building with 8 housing units or more be served by the organic waste collection?
    If it is located in one of the zones where the service is carried out, the owner of the building may submit a request to obtain one or more brown bins. Each request will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. The owner of the participating building will have to appoint a person in charge who will look after putting the bins by the curb on the day of the collection. This person will also have to look after cleaning the bins and making sure that the instructions are followed by the users and that they participate properly.

    Is it more ecological to use my garburator?
    No. The garburetor wastes water in addition to discharging a large amount of oily, greasy substances into the sewers. These substances must then be processed at a wastewater treatment plant, thereby increasing the load on municipal facilities.

    Will I have to pay for this service?
    Waste management costs are included in municipal taxes. No extra charges will be added to the tax bills of residents living in places where this collection is carried out.

    On what day will the collection be carried out?
    The collection of organic waste will be carried out two working days after the recycling collections. For example, if that collection takes place on a Tuesday at a given address, the organic waste collection will be on the following Thursday.

    How should I place my bin by the curb on the day of the collection?

    • Place it in your driveway, set back from the curb or sidewalk, at a maximum of 30 cm (12 in.). It mustn't interfere with traffic or maintenance of the public roadway.
    • Turn the wheels of the bin toward your home or your building.
    • Keep 1 m (3 ft) of space clear around the bin to make it easier for the mechanically-operated collection to be carried out. Keep it far away from the car shelter, the garbage can, the low wall, etc.
    • Place the bin by the curb before 7 a.m. on the morning of the collection or after 7 p.m. the day before.

    Why did the truck pass along my street without emptying my bin?
    When you place your bin by the curb, make sure you:

    • put it there before 7 a.m.
    • make it accessible for the collection truck
    • put only organic waste inside it
    • have filled it only halfway in the case of a heavy load (earth, grass).

    If you have followed all these instructions, phone 311 and a request will be sent to the team in charge of the collection.

    Why are the collections less frequent during the winter?
    During the winter, there is no green waste (grass clippings, dry leaves, etc). Since only kitchen scraps are disposed of in the brown bins, a collection every two weeks is sufficient.

    What should I do if I have excess organic waste that doesn't fit into my bin?
    Excess organic waste (dry leaves, for example) may be disposed of next to the brown bin, on the day of the collection, in cardboard boxes or paper bags. Plastic bags are not allowed in the organic waste collection, not even biodegradable ones.

    Will the collection of dry leaves and Christmas trees be maintained?
    The Christmas tree collection will be carried out as usual and so will the collection of dry leaves, until further notice, for homes where the three-stream collection is not yet carried out.

    Are biodegradable or oxo-biodegradable bags accepted in the collection?
    No! Compostable, biodegradable or oxo-biodegradable plastic bags are prohibited in the brown bins. These bags may alter the quality of the compost and make it necessary for additional processing steps to be carried out. Only paper bags are accepted.

    There are bad odours coming from my wheeled bin. What should I do?
    Keep in mind that it is mainly accumulated liquids in the bin that cause bad odours, especially in summer. Here is some advice to reduce such odours:

    • Keep your bin tightly closed and in a shaded area.
    • Avoid putting any liquids inside.
    • Place cardboard or sheets of newspaper at the bottom of your bin so that they absorb the liquids and prevent the waste materials from sticking to the sides of the bin.
    • Alternate layers of moist materials (kitchen scraps) with dry ones (cardboard, newspapers, dry leaves, etc.) to absorb the moisture, neutralize the odours and block access to flies.
    • Wrap your food scraps in newspaper and, in very hot weather, keep meat leftovers in the freezer and place them in your brown bin only at the time of the collection.
    • Sprinkle the contents of your bin with baking soda or lime to neutralize the odours.
    • Place your brown bin by the curb at the time of each collection, even if it is almost empty.

    How can I make it easier to look after the mini-bin?
    Place a folded sheet of newspaper at the bottom of it or use this sheet of newspaper to wrap your food scraps. In this way, the newspaper will be able to absorb the liquids, prevent food from sticking to the sides of the bin and trap certain odours.

    You can also buy small paper bags for lining your mini-bin. With these bags, you will be able to avoid getting the mini-bin dirty and you will also be able to keep the odours inside the bags in this way.

    Where can these paper bags be purchased?
    Most supermarkets or big-box stores sell these paper bags for lining your mini-bin or your wheeled bin.

    What can I do to prevent the waste materials from freezing at the bottom of the bin in winter and getting stuck there? 
    Avoid disposing of liquids in these bins. You may also line the bottom of the wheeled bin with cardboard, newspaper or woodchips.

    My bin is too small for my needs. What can I do?
    Excess organic waste may be disposed of in a paper bag or cardboard box placed next to the wheeled bin on the day of the organic waste collection.​

    To reduce the amount of waste materials at the source, it is highly recommended that you opt for grasscycling (leave the grass clippings on the ground) and leafcycling (keep the shredded dry leaves on the grass) as well as home composting. Ville de Laval in fact offers a rebate of up to $50 on the purchase of a home composter.

    What should I do if my bin is lost, stolen or damaged?
    Phone 311. Your request will be sent to our collection crews.

    The City of Laval offers various services related to rolling refuse bins :
    • Repair (wheels, covers, axles)
    • Replacement of tank if breakage is not repairable
    These services are available free of charge by calling 311.

    For more information

    ​​​​​​​Multiservice Counter​
    1333, boulevard Chomedey
    First floor 
    Case postale 422
    Succursale Saint-Martin
    Laval (Québec)  H7V 3Z4

    311 

    From outside Laval
    ​450 978-8000

    Pages vertes de Laval

    You want to find out how to get rid of residual materials while respecting the environment? Use the Pages vertes de Laval​.